A hand technique for decorating various textiles (silk, cotton, wool, synthetics) by covering the parts of the fabric with wax.
To obtain clear boundaries at the junction of paints, a special fixer — a composition based on paraffin, gasoline, or water-based, depending on the chosen technique and fabric — is being used. The fabric is immersed in a dyebath and only the unwaxed area absorbs the dye. Then the wax is being removed.
This technique has originally been used in Indonesia and India, and only in the XX century it got its popularity in Europe.